The latest satellite EOS-01 which took off from ISRO’s Sriharikota facility, using Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV)-C49 on Saturday, is an all-weather earth imaging satellite.
EOS-01 is a Radar Imaging Satellite that will work with the previously launched RISAT-2B and RISAT-2BR1. These two remote sensing satellites were launched in 2019. Derailed by the corona pandemic, the EOS-01 launch was delayed till Nov 7.
Indian space agency ISRO has so far delayed its plan to launch more than 20 satellites for 2020–21 which included Aditya L1 and unmanned Gaganyaan that would have become a precursor to India’s first manned space flight.
EOS-01 is a part of a three-spacecraft constellation which aims to provide all-weather and round the clock service of high-resolution images. It’s a part of earth imaging and observation satellites that can be used for civil surveillance.
The Earth Observation Satellite (EOS) can help in Land and forest mapping and monitoring, soil assessment, geospatial contour mapping, weather and climate observations, mapping resources like fishes, minerals and water.
EOS-01, like its sister satellites RISAT 2B And RISAT-2BR1, will use synthetic aperture radar to capture high-resolution images of the topography. A big advantage that EOS-01 comes equipped with optical instruments that are unaffected by weather or lack of sunlight.